An easy song to help students learn when to double the consonant in a verb or adjective when adding the suffixes -ed, -ing, -er or -est and -y.
It can also be useful to teach some vocabulary by miming the actions.
Sitting, sitting, sitting (x2)
Stopped. Dropped. Hopped x2
Digger, digger, digger (x2)
Stopped. Dropped. Mopped x2
Thinner, thinner, thinner (x2)
Stopped. Dropped. Popped x2
Write or project some of the words from the song (running, swimming, sitting, stopped, dropped…etc) on the board.
Ask students to see if they notice a pattern.
Explain this pattern as the “CVC Rule” where often a word ending in a consonant, a vowel and consonant (CVC) will need a duplicated final consonant when adding letters like -ing or -er.
Obviously, there are exceptions to this explanation, but in general the rule works.
(Some exceptions: W X Z are never doubled, a final c will change to ck e.g. panic — panicked, etc)